Museum-Quality, Antique, Japanese Wooden Sculpture-Statue of Buddha - Pre-1700s

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Seller: maskmonger (2,023) 100%, Location: Freeport, Maine, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 182679796819 Rare, early and ornate depiction of Buddha (Dainichi Nyorai) Statue.Museum-worthy, cultural-asset, hailing from Japan.1700s or earlierPerfect size at 18 inches tall (46cm) x and 13.5 inches wide (34cm)Wood with colored lacquer and polychrome paint; Subsequently lacquer-gilded most likely.Extensive patina... this piece may have once been a temple piece. Most of the paint loss on the piece is evident as touch-wear. This piece as been heavily adorned by admirers for hundreds of years...Impressively against the odds, the fragile hair-curls remain intact...The bottom most "block-base" of this item makes it appear as if the Buddha is meditating his way to flotation....and raises the skirt of the piece approximately a quarter inch.Evidence would suggest this originates from southern part of Japan i.e. the "Ryukyu Kingdom"The Ryukyu Kingdom (Japanese: 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century. The kings of Ryukyu unified Okinawa Island and extended the kingdom to the Amami Islands in modern-day Kagoshima Prefecture, and the Sakishima Islands near Taiwan. Despite its small size, the kingdom played a central role in the maritime trade networks of medieval East and Southeast Asia.Build by Yozegi Sukuri technique or joint block construction. A major carving technique introduced in the later half of the 10th century was yosegi-zukuri 寄木造.Up until then, statues were carved from a solid block of wood using a technique called ichiboku-zukuri 一本造. The new yosegi-zukuri technique reached its apogee with Unkei (1148 - 1223 AD)Instead of using one solid piece of wood, Unkei and his team carved the statue in a piecemeal fashion from partially hollow blocks of wood.First, the individual body parts were carved roughly and separately. Second, the pieces were assembled, and only then, thirdly, did detailed carving begin. This new method had various advantages. Not only was it faster, allowing several artists to work in tandem on different parts, but also the final sculpture was much lighter than one carved from a single block of wood. And, in the centuries that followed,The prefabricated nature of the individual body parts allowed temples to quickly repair or replace damaged or destroyed body parts -- e.g., placing the undamaged head of an older statue (whose body was ruined by fire or earthquake) onto another statue whose body was still in good repair. Some Japanese sources say the yosegi-zukuri method was introduced in the later half of the 10th century, due primarily to the lack of large trees and a growing creative impulse to create gigantic statues of the Nyorai and Bosatsu.Others say the technique stems from Jocho, the great Buddhist sculptor (died 1057AD) who is credited with the outstanding Bosatsu on Clouds and Amida statue found at Byodo-in Temple. Single-block carvings are also known as natabori 鉈彫 (literally “hatchet carving”), but they are differentiated from ichiboku-zukuri carvings by the characteristic round chisel (nata 鉈) markings left on the statue’s surface. Natabori images are rough-cut (arabori 荒彫) or fine-cut (kozukuri 小造り) without undergoing the finishing (shiage 仕上げ) process, and for this reason, Some Japanese claim that natabori are unfinished works, while others claim that natabori statues are a unique sculptural style.In the Edo Period, two wandering artists of great fame revived this technique. They were the Buddhist priest Enkuu (Enku) 円空 (1632-1695) and the Zen priest Mokujiki Myouman 木食明満 (1718-1810).Nearly all of their extant pieces were carved from a single block of wood, including the pedestals, and were not hollowed out.Many other Japanese items from my collection for sale. Check out my other items! Insights Exclusive
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